6

Monte-Carlo

  1. #include <iostream>
  2.  
  3. #include <stdlib.h>
  4. #include <time.h>
  5.  
  6. int main() {
  7.     const long NTHROWS = 1000000;   // how many times do we throw the dart
  8.  
  9.     unsigned long inside = 0;
  10.     unsigned seed = time( 0 );
  11.     double x, y;
  12.  
  13.     srand( seed );
  14.  
  15.     for ( unsigned long i = 0; i < NTHROWS; i++ ) {
  16.         x = float(rand())/RAND_MAX;
  17.         y = float(rand())/RAND_MAX;
  18.         if ( x*x + y*y < 1 )
  19.             inside++;
  20.     }
  21.     std::cout << "PI=" << 4.0*inside/NTHROWS << std::endl;
  22. }

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